Parachute BG-7M and BG-3 with KAP-3 capsule in Romania


The BG-7M military parachute launch was executed in Romanian air force from a height of 1,000 meters (rarely from 5000 meters, depending on the area where a military exercise or training took place). The parachute veil was white with a surface of about 95 square meters, with a small parachute small extractor that was the first to open the airway and linked to the main parachute veil needed to stabilize the parachute's horizontal position during the fall. The main BG-7M parachute was 18.5kg in weight, a total of 36 suspension lines and was connected to a KAP-3 / AD-240 type device (AD-240 probably named after the Russian variant) that looked like a box, but inside it had a barometric capsule that was set to choose when the automatic parachute opens in the event of an unconscious, faint or otherwise parachutist's fall. The KAP-3 capsule recalibrated periodically at the Central Military Hospital in Bucharest in a pressure chamber room. The parachute straps also binded between the feet of the parachutist for safety measures, and the parachutist was obliged to jump from the plane to keep his legs tight so as not to be affected in the perineum due to the shock caused by the complete parachute opening process. The type of parachute BG-3 was much smaller and the straps were mounted in front and at the waist of the parasutist, with an area of ​​36 square meters. The BG-3 emergency parachute had 26 suspension lines, 8.5 kg in weight, and the parachutist had to be careful with the parachute extractor to put the forearm with the elbow on top of it, because at the trigger, was a small parachute extractor with strong springs when it came out, could strike and seriously injure the skydiver face.

The full dewatering time of the BG-7M main parachute was about 5-6 seconds, and the secondary parachute BG-3 about a second or two. There were plenty of cases when accidentally jumped with both BG-7M and BG-3 parachutes without any trouble getting tangled in each other, and in other cases serious accidents occurred. The BG-7M parachute had 2 command levers that were directed by the parachutist relative to the air wind and near the landing area it was necessary to be only with the front wind. If the wind was back, the parachutist could be injured when landing. There were some types of dark green-khaki parachutes of type PSP with which the paratroopers jumped from about 500 meters, but the soldiers were approaching the land faster when landing, having a larger hole in the middle of the comparative veil with BG-7M. Depending on the weight of the paratrooper soldier, the BG-7M type was dangerous if the basic rule was not to keep the feet firmly attached to the landing. If the parachutist soldier was launched with all the military equipment he had, he would normally have to be widened before landing, due to the high possibility of injury to the ground. Depending on the nature environment on which he landed, the soldier had to correctly assess the distance of the BG-7M parachute, such as above the water, when he had to be careful not to get the veil over it and drown. There was a book that contained about 18 parachute incidents and had to be strictly documented. The range of parachute jump speeds was from about 80 km / h to the helicopter speed, up to about 380 km / h from the plane. The technique to jump out of the airplane at speeds of over 350 km / h was to be tight with legs and squatting. Because of the stress before launch there is that "track", moment lock until the jump itself.

Also, in the case of jumps without safety goggles, the eyes were rarely open because of air currents, and this until the parachute was opened. From the moment of launch, it had to be numbered "101,102,103,104,105", then dragged the handle slightly below the left shoulder to open the parachute. At the small BG-3 parachute, the left side was the handle, but the trigger was manually pulled down at the left hip. When the parachutist floats in the air, nothing is heard, the environment is silent, and the paratrooper can communicate with others at differences of about 100-150 meters of altitude difference. There are no birds, nothing is heard except the lure of the parachutist in the air. When the jump is performed, it usually runs on a cable trapped in an airplane or helicopter and should be jammed with legs glued to one another and squatting with the flying face of the aircraft. The hook, which automatically widened the main BG-7M parachute after five seconds, was connected to a steel wire along its entire backpack to release the suspects of the main parachute out of the eyebrows (a kind of small pockets to hold the braces). The drop speed at which the parachute void was fully opened was about 270 km / h, but in the stress of the operation no one could really appreciate this speed. Launching with free parachute (without connecting to the cable inside the flight deck) is done in more special cases, or in other cases of choice, the parachutist being considered as professional.

The preservation time of the folded parachute was for a maximum of 30 days, and depending on the military unit of which the soldier was part, the parachute was folded individually whenever needed and was required to be checked by an instructor. If the parachute's veil did not open, the time of landfall at a height of one thousand meters was about 15-17 seconds. The soldier is struggling with parachute equipment before being picked up by a flight deck, these amounting to only 27kg of parachutes, and usually in peacetime, there was little launching with the weapon and the "range kit" (some metal mugs with a slightly similar shape to a bean bean). The weight of a normal parachutist reaches 80-100 kg minimum on average without complete equipment on it. And the last detail. When paratroopers were launched, the wind socks had to be seen, so that the soldier would orientate correctly when landing in relation to the air currents that had to be front.

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